Coronary Artery Bypass
Conventional on-pump CABG
A conventional CABG is performed to replenish blood to areas of the heart not receiving adequate supply due to blockages in the coronary arteries. During the procedure, the chest is opened and the patient is hooked up to a heart-lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass machine). This machine pumps blood to the rest of the body while the heart is stopped and the bypass is being performed. The surgeon will take veins from the leg or arteries from the chest and sew the vessels so they create a path for the blood to go around the blockages in the coronary arteries. Once the vessels or grafts are sewn into place, the bypass machine will be removed and the heart will be restarted. The patient is then taken to the ICU to be observed while recovering from the surgery.
Minimally Invasive off-pump CABG
The minimally invasive CABG procedure is performed for the same reason as the conventional CABG- to restore blood flow to areas of the heart not receiving adequate blood supply do to blockages in the coronary arteries. However, with the minimally invasive procedure, the chest does not have to be completely opened and the heart-lung machine is not needed. Instead, a smaller incision is made and the surgery is done with the heart still beating.
Robot assisted CABG
Robot-assisted CABG procedures utilize a new, cutting edge technique available to Beaumont patients needing bypass surgery. Like conventional and minimally invasive CABGs, robot-assisted bypass surgery is performed to replenish blood to areas of the heart not receiving adequate supply due to blockages in the coronary arteries. With the robot assisted procedure, the surgeon actually controls the robot, offering the surgeon greater precision while performing the surgery.